Who is Sultan Ahmet?

Sultan 1st Ahmet Khan is known in the Divan Literature as Bahti. Sultan Ahmet, who was born in Manisa on April 18, 1590, is the fourteenth of the Ottoman sultans and ninety-third of the Islamic caliphs. His father is Mehmet, his mother is Handan Valide Sultan, and his grandfather is third Murad. He was known as the first Ottoman sultan who came to the throne before he went to sanjak.

whois sultan ahmed

Sultan Ahmet, who spoke Arabic and Persian at an advanced level, was good at using arrows, swords,riding horses and his experiences on war were quite strong. Sultan Ahmet, who had three brothers named Selim, Cihangir and Mahmud, lost his two brothers first. After Mahmud was also killed with his father's 3rd Mehmet’s command, Ahmet was entitled to go to the throne. As his father died, he became a sultan at a young age. His mother Handan Sultan helped him very much when her son learned about the state affairs. When Handan Sultan died, Dervish Pasha began to be a mentor to Ahmet.

Sultan Ahmet and Zitvatorok Treaty

When Sultan Ahmed was on the throne, the Austrian War was still going on. The Ottoman army had left Belgrade and was moving to Budin. The Ottoman army who took the castles of Hatvan also took the Vaçcastle and surrounded the Estergon Castle on Sultan Ahmet's command. Ciğerdelen, Vişegrad, Saint Thomas and finally Estergon were conquered.

After the uninterrupted wars, the Austrian army and the Ottoman army were both very tired from the social and economic aspects.The peace negotiations they had made in previous years were inconclusive. Finally, on November 11, 1606, peace was signed between the two countries with the Zitvatorok Agreement.

According to the Treaty of Zitvatorok, Estergon, Kanije and Erik Castles will remain in the Ottoman Empire, Raab and Komarom Castles will remain in Austria. The Austrian Empire paid 200,000 gold worth of war compensation as a one-off. According to the treaty, the Archbishop of Austria and the Ottoman sultan would be regarded as equal and would use the title of Cesar / Kaiser while addressing the Archbishop of Austria. In addition, the two countries would send gifts to each other at intervals of 3 years. With this treaty, the Austrian Empire's tax on 30,000 gold, which it gave to the Hungarian Empire every year, would also be removed.

The Treaty of Zitvatorok seemed to be in favor of the Ottoman Empire in the first place, but the Ottoman Empire was not as strong as it was in the years when it entered the war and lost much power. Therefore, it lost its superiority to Austria, and all the balances started to be against the Ottoman Empire with the Zitvatorok Treaty.

How were relations with neighbors during Sultan Ahmet's era?

At the time of Sultan Ahmet was on the throne, the Ottoman Empire fought against many states in both the west and the east. The Ottoman Empire, fighting with the Safavid State and Austria, suffered huge losses in these wars. He was weak on the Iranian side, trying to defeat the Austrian Empire. With the Nasuh Pasha Agreement made in 1612, the Ottoman Safevi war which has been going on for 9 years has been completed. With this treaty, the Safavid State was forced to pay 200 camels to the Ottoman Empire for war compensation. Treaty was maintained between the two states for three years, but the treaty broke down when Shah Abbas took over. The Serav Treaty was made to restore relations with the Safavids during the reign of Young Osman.

What is the Importance of Sultan Ahmet for World History?

Sultan Ahmet I changed the inheritance system and removed the law that approves the slaughter of brothers. Thus, the slaughter of brothers for the throne was prevented. The succession system was replaced by the ekber and erşad systems. In this system, the person who will replace him after the sultan is the most intelligent and the greatest member of the family. This law, the Ekber and erşad system, is a great asset in the Ottoman history as it aims to prevent throne fights between the princes.

Prince Ibrahim and Prince Halil were strangled in the first Murad era. At the time of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, the slaughter of brothers was enacted. 1. Ahmet changed the system in order to put an end to all these things and ensured that the greatest member of the most intelligent head of the family was the sultan's successor. On this count, his 3 sons became sultans. Young Osman first, then Murad the fourth, and finally İbrahim became the sultan, and his brother Mustafa was not killed as it was in the period of other sultans. As a result of this, Mustafa also sat in the seat of the sultan.

Sultan Ahmet's Architectural Studies

The most important architectural work that Sultan I. Ahmet made is undoubtedly the Sultanahmet Mosque. The Sultanahmet Mosque, built by architect Sedefkar Mehmed Aga, with six minarets and sixteen balconies, is a structure built by Sultan Ahmet, known as a religious ruler, with the intention of showing his gratitude to God.
In addition to the Sultanahmet Mosque, the Sehzadebasi Kuyucu Murat Pasha Social Complex, Istanbul Mesih Pasha Mosque and Elmalı Ömer Pasha Mosque, Piyale Pasha Mosque are other Sultan I. Ahmed's architectural structures.

Sultan's Greatest Artifact: Sultanahmet Mosque

Sultan Ahmet hit the first dig while excavating the mosque. This pickaxe is currently on display at the Topkapı Palace. Sultanahmet Mosque, a synthesis of Ottoman architecture and Byzantine architecture, was built by Sedefkar Mehmet Ağa, one of the students of the famous master architect Sinan. Because of the blue tiles used in the mosque, foreigners name Sultanahmet as Blue Mosque.

Death of Sultan Ahmet I

Sultan Ahmet I, who was suffering from typhus, could not get rid of this disease and died on 22 November 1617 when he was 27 years old. The funeral was buried in the tomb next to the Sultanahmet Mosque, which he liked very much. According to the Ekber and erşed system that replaced with the inheritance system, after Sultan I. Ahmet passed away, his brother I. Mustafa took his place.